Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary Home > List Of World Heritage Sites In India > Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary

Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary

  • Area

688 Sq. Km/42,996 hectares

  • Established

1926 as reserve forest, 1940 as a wildlife sanctuary, 1974 as a National park

Kaziranga possesses highest density tigers when compared to other preserved areas and got declared in 2006 as Tiger reserve. The park acts as home for large breeding categories of wild water buffalo, elephants and also swamp deer. Birdlife International for conservation and avifaunal species declared Kaziranga as significant bird area. Kaziranga reached significant victory in the field of wildlife conservation when compared with other preserved areas in our country. Being situated towards the eastern edge of Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, Kaziranga is a club of diverse high species and visibility.

Kaziranga is vast land comprising tall elephant grass, dense, tropical and moist broadleaf forests, marshland, four rivers which includes Brahmaputra is crisscrossed, and also various small water bodies. Kaziranga is being the theme for various documentaries, songs and books. Kaziranga accomplished its centennial during 2005 after completing 100 years as reserve forest

Attractions of Sanctuary

A close vision to Swamp deer and Rhino, an elephant safari daily morning, sightseeing wildlife through jeep safari, view thousands of migratory and local birds flying in wetlands and also the panoramic view of Karbi Anglong Hills.

Wildlife in Sanctuary

Flora in sanctuary

Kaziranga National Park comprises of three major vegetation types: tropical semi-evergreen forests, alluvial inundated grasslands, tropical wet evergreen forests. Kaziranga is the only surviving biggest floodplain grassland. Grasslands are concentrated towards the west, where tall reeds and grasses (known as elephant grass) on higher ground while shorter grasses lying around water bodies, generally called as “beels’. Various forms and also scattered trees are lying among the grasses which include Dillenia indica, Bombax ceiba, Embilca officinalis and Careya arborea. The ropical and wet evergreen forests comprised of Talauma hodgsonii, Aphanamixis polystachya, Garcinia tinctoria, Dillenia indica, Cinnamomum bejoighota, Ficus rumphii and Syzygium species.

The most commonly found shrubs and trees are Duabanga grand flora, Albizia procera, Crateva unilocularis, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Grewia serrulata, Sterculia urens, Bridelia retusa, Mallotus philippensis, Aphania rubra, L. umbraculifera and Leea indica.

During summer season, silk cotton tree (botanically Bombax ceiba) turns red together with the uniformed flower blooming followed by seed dispersal in fluff white balls floating in air. 1986 Landsat data noted the different vegetation coverage of Kaziranga National Park as: short grasses 11%, tall grasses 41 %, swamps 4%, open jungles 29% sand 6% and water bodies 8%.

Indian Holiday delivers wildlife India trip to Kaziranga National Park. If one needs more information and to book for a trip, please fill up the query form.

Fauna in Sanctuary

Apart from Indian one-horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Parks inhabits various kinds of wildlife and mammals including Indian Bison, Indian Elephants, Barasingha or Swamp Deer, Sloth Bears, Hog Deer, Leopard Cats, Tigers, Otters, Jungle cats, Hog Badgers, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langurs, Jackal, Wild Boar, Pythons, Wild Buffalo and Monitor Lizards.

The avifauna present in the Kaziranga National Park inhabits a large variety including the Black-Shouldered Kite, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Brahminy Kite, Black Kite, White Tailed Eagle, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle etc…During winter season, large variety migratory birds occupy the marshy areas and parks lakes like Bar-Headed Geese, Greylag Geese, Gadwall, Ruddy Shelduck, Red-Crested Pochard, Northern Shoveller and Falcated Duck.


Above 70% of world’s one-horned Rhinoceros resides in the Kaziranga. Large biomass of tiger prey found in Kaziranga. Above 60% of wild buffalo population of India together with the seven turtle species, tortoises and eastern swamp deer are found in Kaziranga. The other significant wildlife present in Kaziranga include Fishing cat, Leopard, small Indiam Civet, other small cats, barking deer, Sambar, Gaur, Hog deer, Hoolock Gibbon, Hog Badger, Assamese Macaque, Capped Langur, Sloth Bear, Rhesus Macaque, Otter and Gangetic Dolphin etc…

The census status of the big five includes Swamp Deer – 468 (2000), One Horned Rhino – 1855 (2006), Tiger – 85 (2000), Wild Buffalo – 1431 (2001) and Elephant – 1246 (2005).


Kaziranga inhabits 25 internationally endangered and 21 almost endangered bird species. Till now 480 species of birds are detected and registered in Park. Among them, the threatened species are Bengal Florican, Baza, Osprey and Hornbills. There are also migratory and resident Pelicans and several waterfowls.

Significance of sanctuary

Vast united representative region of Brahmaputra valley grassland flood plain, complex grassland ecosystem, and also different phases of biotic succession.

Climate of Sanctuary

Tropical climate prevails in Kaziranga. Hot summers and cold winters are quite common. Cotton clothes are preferred during summer season and woolen cloths during winter. About 160 cm of average rainfall gets recorded. Monsoon months deliver heavy rainfall often flooding the park.

Best time to visit

Kaziranga is good to visit during November to April.

How to reach

The nearest airport is Rowraiah (Jorhat) located about 97 km. About 239 km is the LGBI airport (Guwahati). Nearest towns and cities connected through road includes Jorhat (89 km), Nagaon (96 km), Guwahati (219 km), Golaghat (73 km) Bokakhat (21 km)

Where to stay after reaching here

Tourist Lodges & Resorts - Under Assam Tourism Department at Kohora - Bonani Lodge, Bonshree Lodge and Kunjaban Lodge, Tel..-03776-262423 and under Assam Tourism Development Corporation - Aranya Lodge and Prasanti Cottages, Tel. - 03776-262429.

Private Lodges - Wildgrass Resort near Kohora, Tel.-03776-262085, G.L. Resort, Burapahar, Tel.-03672-299823, Dolphin Lodge, Bokakhat, Tel.-94350-95991, Kaziranga Lodge, Bokakhat, Tel.-03776-268321, Dhansiri Lodge, Kohora, Tel.-03776-262501, Green Reed, Kohora, Tel.-03776-262417, Ma Kamala Resort, Kohora, Tel.-03776-262437, Wildlife Society, Kohora, Tel.-03776-262494, Holiday Home, Kohora, Bon Habi, Kohora, Tel.- 03776-262675, Ashraya, Kohora, Tel.-03776-262163.

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